“The Congress for the New Urbanism views disinvestment in central cities, the spread of placeless sprawl, increasing separation by race and income, environmental deterioration, loss of agricultural lands and wilderness, and the erosion of society’s built heritage as one interrelated community-building challenge.”
(Congress of New Urbanism Charter).
Traditional Neighborhood Development “creates suburban subdivisions that feel more like complete communities and look more like old-fashioned towns” (“Neighborhoods Reborn”, Consumer Reports, May 1996).
“New Urbanism is a set of principles and guidelines for the physical design of neighborhoods and buildings that foster a sense of community” (United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), “Looking Back to the Future: Using the Principles of New Urbanism to Rebuild Communities”, Hope VI Developments, August/September 1996).
“Francaviglia asserts that main streets provide a more cohesive sense of community than malls and shopping centers” (“Main Street Revisited”, New Urban News, March/April 1999).
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The New Urbanists hope, “Their hope is that by borrowing design elements from the past it will be possible to re-create communities in which neighbors know and interact with each other, and feel an attachment and commitment to the health and stability of their community” (United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), “Looking Back to the Future: Using the Principles of New Urbanism to Rebuild Communities”, Hope VI Developments, August/September 1996).
“These neotraditional places would look and work like the back streets of a comfortable pre-World War II city, with a rich mix of housing types, cultural centers, and shopping districts within walking distance and vibrant public personality” (“Neighborhoods Reborn”, Consumer Reports, May 1996).
“Sustainable communities consume less space, per capita for example, or require a smaller supply of fossil fuels to keep them running” (“Taming the Suburban Wasteland”, On Wisconsin, Michael Penn, Winter 1998).
“In a neotraditional town, most or all of the residents live within walking distance of a full service downtown core and a mass transit link with nearby urban centers; streets are laid out on a grid to provide multiple routes from point A to point B; and sidewalks are lined with trees and front porches to promote strolling and social interaction” (“The New American Neighborhood”, Better Homes and Gardens, September 1997).
“It is more like a system for reintegrating some of the traditional diversity into present day neighborhoods, and providing the neighborhood residents with functional and social amenities within easier reach” (What is Traditional Neighborhood Design?, undated).
“New Urbanist theory venerates the grid pattern, in contrast to the cul-de-sacs of the suburbs, because it enhances the streetscape and facilitates walking” (“Toppling Towers,” Newsweek, November 4, 1996).
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“New Urbanism is about putting an “emphasis not on building houses but on building communities,” according to CNU faculty member David Lee” (United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), “Looking Back to the Future”, Hope VI Developments, August/September 1996).
“Founded several years ago by a group of architects from around the country in response to suburban sprawl and urban decay, the New Urbanists are striving to change the way we live by changing the look of what we live in, and the streets we live on” (“Return of Front Porches Fosters Neighborhood Charm”, The Boston Sunday Globe, August 18, 1996).
“Some of the effects that these components are supposed to produce are decreased dependence upon automobiles, less pollution, a greater proportion of open space to developed space, a greater level of convenience and amenity for residents, more affordable housing and increased housing options, business incubator opportunities, increased neighborliness, fiscally balanced growth, visual harmony, more responsible consumption of natural resources, less traffic congestion, less duplication of municipal services (like police and fire protection, and garbage and snow removal), and greater overall safety” (What is Traditional Neighborhood Design?, undated).
“Neotraditionalism may not be for everyone, any more than a Toyota will satisfy the needs of every car buyer. The market for suburban cul-de-sac neighborhoods remains strong. But researchers have found that many consumers do like traditional neighborhoods or would if offered the choice” (“Neighborhoods Reborn”, Consumer Reports, May 1996).
“Traditional Neighborhood Design attempts to create an optimal mix of all of the diverse elements of our towns or cities that, taken together, provide the richness of our daily lives. Furthermore, it attempts to place this rich mix of elements like shopping, work, and recreation within reach of people’s homes” (What is Traditional Neighborhood Design?, undated).
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”The neighborhood is emphatically mixed-use and provides housing for people with different incomes. Buildings may be various in function but must be compatible with one another in size and their relation to the street. The needs of daily life are accessible within the five-minute walk. Commerce is integrated with residential, business and even manufacturing use, though not necessarily on the same street in a given neighborhood. Apartments are permitted over stores. Forms of housing are mixed, including apartment, duplex and single family homes, accessory apartments and out buildings” (James Howard Kunstler, Home From Nowhere, 1996).
”The street pattern is conceived as a network in order to create the greatest number of alternative routes from one part of the neighborhood to another. This has the beneficial effect of relieving traffic congestion” (James Howard Kunstler, Home From Nowhere, 1996)
”Civic buildings, such as town halls, churches, schools, libraries and museums, are placed on preferential building sites, such as the frontage of squares, in neighborhood centers and where street vistas terminate, in order to serve as landmarks and reinforce their symbolic importance. Buildings define parks and squares, which are distributed throughout the neighborhood and appropriately designed for recreation, repose, periodic commercial uses and special events such as political meetings, concerts, theatrical exhibitions and fairs” (James Howard Kunstler, Home From Nowhere, 1996).
”In the New Urbanism the meaning of the street as the essential fabric of the public realm is restored. The space created is understood to function as an outdoor room, and building facades are understood to be street walls” (James Howard Kunstler, Home From Nowhere, 1996).
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”The best way to make housing affordable is to build or restore compact, mixed-use, traditional American neighborhoods. The way to preserve property values is to recognize that a house is part of a community, not an isolated object, and to make sure that the community maintains high standards of civic amenity in the form of walkable streets and ease of access to shops, recreation, culture and public beauty” (James Howard Kunstler, Home From Nowhere, 1996).
”…Reducing automobile use also means less airborne nitrogen. Because more than 20 percent of the nitrogen deposited into estuaries neat large metropolitan areas comes from atmospheric deposition, this implies less water pollution as well” (Dana Beach, “How Federal ‘Non-Point Source’ Programs Promote Sprawl”, New Urban News, January/February 1999).
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